Paul’s Second Defense to the Sanhedrin


Explaining the Defense

  • Paul had been in the temple with four believers; a mob formed trying to kill him; saved by the Romans then made his first defense(apology) before the crowd of a Jewish worshippers ( ch. 21:27-22:21)
  • "The next day" Claudius Lydias, the Roman tribune "desiring to know the real reason why he was being accused by the Jews…commanded…all the council (Sanhedrin) to meet (22:30)

    The Sanhedrin has been called the "supreme court of the Jewish nation" (F.F. Bruce)
    it was made up of the two parties of Pharisees & Sadducees which were either "chief priests, elders, scribes," with high priest as chairman.

  • Paul's defense (Greek, apologia, "apology")

    "I have lived my life (Greek, politeuoma, has political overtones of "being a good citizen") before God I all good conscience up to this day" (23:1)
    "The high priest Ananias commanded…to strike him on the mouth" (23:2)
    -Became high priest in AD 48, reputation as violent, untrustworthy, taker of bribes, confiscator of the old tithes, and being pro-Roman.
    "God is going to strike you whitewashed wall!" (23:3)
    -Ezekiel 13:10-16
    -In AD 66, the Jews burned his house casing him to flee, where he was found in an aqueduct and
    "I did not know he was the high priest" (23:5); citing Exodus 22:28
    "I am a Pharisee…it is with respect to the hope and the resurrection of the dead that I am on trial"

Applying the Defense

  • 1st Entrust your life to loving providence of God very moment in every area
  • 2nd Be confident that God has a plan & purpose for the evil that befalls you
  • 3rd Embrace the presence of the Lord Jesus Christ with you in suffering
Sermon ID 8162345167172
Duration 40:20
Date Aug 13, 2023
Category Sunday - AM
Bible Text Acts 22:22-23:22
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