God's covenant with old Israel and their exodus from Egypt through the sea to the land promised to Abraham provides types (in KJV as "examples" and "ensamples") for the church, new Israel, to be applied to God's people, his covenant community. All were under the old covenant and all in the community are under the new covenant: both individuals and households. Beginning with faith and continuing with works, all are to believe and do what God has commanded. Yet, within the covenant community, there are those who do not believe and do not do what God commands and they receive the wrath and vengeance of God as a result of their unfaithfulness and rebellion. As it was in old Israel, so it is in the Israel of God, the church. The church, its households, and its individuals within its community, are those who are the blessed witnesses of the transition from the type of the old Jewish and pagan ages to the reality of the new Christian age, and therefore are accountable to God to obey him in both type and command.
In light of the present suffering and the imminent judgment that will begin at the house of God, with the elders, the shepherds are instructed to care for the flock of God. In the text, Peter will address the shepherds' mandate, the shepherds' manner, and the shepherds' motive.
The best Trinitarian theology is marked by doxology. Nazianzen, Augustine, John of Damascus, Anselm, etc. so with Paul. Rather than examining every detail of the text in order, we will filter the Trinitarian ideas sketched in the preceding lesson through this text.
We see here that in redemption, the appropriate works of the persons teach us who God is through what he does. We see this in light of how God works and how he saves, leading us to who he is. This shows us how the gospel and our faith, hope, and love rest on the undivided Trinity.
How can a believer lead the Christian life as an example to other believers?
1 Tim 4:12
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NEW HEART, NEW SPIRIT Ezekiel 18:1-32 This was the case in Ezekiel's day, when the people of Israel were living in captivity in Babylon. The general opinion was, "It's not our fault, it's our parent's fault." And so God gave Ezekiel a message to pass on the people of Israel. The message was, basically, "It's time to stop fixing blame, and start fixing your life."You can always find someone to blame for everything you don't like about your life. But you've heard me say it before. How do you spell blame? B-Lame. When you blame others, you place limitations on yourself.
Instead, God is calling you to take ownership of your life. That means that you decide once and for all that you will be responsible for you, that you will focus on who you're becoming, rather than who relying on who you've been, and that you will surrender leadership of your life to Jesus, so that he can give you a new heart and fill you with his Spirit and empower you to live for him.
The dictate of scripture that we are given here is simple. Find those who lead well and follow after them. They have broken trail, we must enlarge and maintain it, for there will be those following behind who have need of our faithfulness. It is simple enough to understand, but it is so profoundly challenging to us on nearly every level, that we seldom find people even willing to admit that it is the command of God, let alone willing to set out for obedience.
But here is the crux of the matter; the horns of the dilemma… We are promised (John 6.37-40) that every single one who God has chosen for Himself will be saved; we are further instructed (1John 2.18-19)that those who fall away and do not return are giving evidence that they were NEVER saved in the first place; AND we are told (Philippians 1.6) that God will certainly complete the work He has begun in us…
This means that we MUST set ourselves with all we have in us to follow after the command of God and to patiently pursue Him and His righteousness. We must have faith that no matter what today looks like right now, God is at work and will surely complete His own glory. We must not lose heart and we MUST leave good trail for those who are following after us…
How is ministerial authority maintained? 1Timothy 4:12–16 looks forward to the second reading in morning public worship on the coming Lord's Day. In these five verses of Holy Scripture, the Holy Spirit teaches us that ministerial authority is maintained by taking heed to oneself first, and then with a diligence already demonstrated in one's own progress, to direct others in theirs.
Some of the Corinthians were evidently pushing the boundary of participation in events at the local pagan temples. Rather than just saying, "no, this is the wrong thing to do," Paul turned to the Old Testament to make the point that any of a variety of ways to participate in evil like idolatry is not only dangerous but life-threatening. Instead, we must flee idolatry and avoid any hint of syncretism.
Faithful Examples --- Luke 2:21 – 38
3 Lessons on faithfulness
Faithfulness is seen in obedience to the laws of God
Scriptural references used:
Acts 2:42; Hebrews 10:25
Faithfulness is seen through patience and persevering work
Scriptural references used:
Faithfulness is seen through service to the Lord